Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain Is Complex
Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain Services is a natural part of our body’s response to injuries, infections and illnesses. It alerts us that something is wrong and usually goes away once the problem is resolved. When the pain doesn’t go away, doctors call it chronic pain, and it can have a significant impact on our quality of life. It can cause complications like trouble sleeping, stress, and depression. Pain can be caused by a sudden injury, such as a broken bone or a pulled muscle, or it can result from underlying conditions like arthritis or fibromyalgia. It can be confined to one area of the body, such as the back, or it can be widespread, as in the case of fibromyalgia and chronic regional pain syndrome.
Musculoskeletal pain involves the bones, muscles, tendons and ligaments that support our bodies and protect internal organs. It can be a result of an injury or from a chronic condition, such as arthritis, overuse or poor posture. It can be confined to one area or can spread over the entire body, and it can range from mild to severe. Symptoms may include pain, swelling, redness or heat in the affected area, and it might make popping sounds as the joints move.
The musculoskeletal system is so complex that it’s hard to determine exactly what causes a specific pain. A person’s genetics, age and lifestyle play a role in whether they are more prone to developing certain musculoskeletal conditions. Some people are more prone to having a musculoskeletal pain flare-up after an injury or surgery than others. The good news is that there are a variety of ways to treat musculoskeletal pain, so it’s important to consult with your doctor to find the best treatment for you.
Often, the best approach is to try conservative management first. This can include resting the injured area, exercise, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. If your pain doesn’t respond to this, your doctor might prescribe a physical therapy program and medications that affect the immune system or nervous system.
Chronic musculoskeletal pain is responsible for huge social and economic costs. It can lead to reduced mobility and reduced work productivity, and it is associated with increased depression, anxiety, and stress. Combined with other health problems, it can even cause disability.
To diagnose musculoskeletal pain, your doctor will review your symptoms and medical history, do a physical exam, and, in some cases, use imaging to evaluate the muscles, bones, and joints. Sometimes, your doctor might also recommend psychological testing, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), to help you learn to manage your pain better. These techniques can help you change negative thinking and behaviors that could contribute to your pain. They can also teach you how to better deal with your pain so it doesn’t interfere with your daily activities.